兴Sublime编辑器在Ubuntu上输入中文

  Sublime
Text是一律款款效果异常强劲的轻量级代码编辑器,有关职能介绍及利用可看我任何一样首文章的叙述http://www.cnblogs.com/jaxu/p/5037547.html

  不过,在Ubuntu系统上Sublime Text不支持输入中文,如何解决吧?

  搜索百度和Google,在github及发现了一个缓解方案,经过尝试可以动用。

  其基本思路就是用C编写一个hotfix然后编译成并享库,移到Sublime
Text的安装目录中,启动之时带达这共享库。步骤和shell命令在github上既勾勒得十分明白了,这里自己又详细描述一下。

1.
编写sublime-imfix.c源文件,放在~/home目录下(其实任何目录都可)。源代码文件在github上发生下载,我这边也叫一样份,方便copy:

/*
sublime-imfix.c
Use LD_PRELOAD to interpose some function to fix sublime input method support for linux.
By Cjacker Huang <jianzhong.huang at i-soft.com.cn>
gcc -shared -o libsublime-imfix.so sublime_imfix.c  `pkg-config --libs --cflags gtk+-2.0` -fPIC
LD_PRELOAD=./libsublime-imfix.so sublime_text
*/
#include <gtk/gtk.h>
#include <gdk/gdkx.h>
typedef GdkSegment GdkRegionBox;

struct _GdkRegion
{
  long size;
  long numRects;
  GdkRegionBox *rects;
  GdkRegionBox extents;
};

GtkIMContext *local_context;

void
gdk_region_get_clipbox (const GdkRegion *region,
            GdkRectangle    *rectangle)
{
  g_return_if_fail (region != NULL);
  g_return_if_fail (rectangle != NULL);

  rectangle->x = region->extents.x1;
  rectangle->y = region->extents.y1;
  rectangle->width = region->extents.x2 - region->extents.x1;
  rectangle->height = region->extents.y2 - region->extents.y1;
  GdkRectangle rect;
  rect.x = rectangle->x;
  rect.y = rectangle->y;
  rect.width = 0;
  rect.height = rectangle->height; 
  //The caret width is 2; 
  //Maybe sometimes we will make a mistake, but for most of the time, it should be the caret.
  if(rectangle->width == 2 && GTK_IS_IM_CONTEXT(local_context)) {
        gtk_im_context_set_cursor_location(local_context, rectangle);
  }
}

//this is needed, for example, if you input something in file dialog and return back the edit area
//context will lost, so here we set it again.

static GdkFilterReturn event_filter (GdkXEvent *xevent, GdkEvent *event, gpointer im_context)
{
    XEvent *xev = (XEvent *)xevent;
    if(xev->type == KeyRelease && GTK_IS_IM_CONTEXT(im_context)) {
       GdkWindow * win = g_object_get_data(G_OBJECT(im_context),"window");
       if(GDK_IS_WINDOW(win))
         gtk_im_context_set_client_window(im_context, win);
    }
    return GDK_FILTER_CONTINUE;
}

void gtk_im_context_set_client_window (GtkIMContext *context,
          GdkWindow    *window)
{
  GtkIMContextClass *klass;
  g_return_if_fail (GTK_IS_IM_CONTEXT (context));
  klass = GTK_IM_CONTEXT_GET_CLASS (context);
  if (klass->set_client_window)
    klass->set_client_window (context, window);

  if(!GDK_IS_WINDOW (window))
    return;
  g_object_set_data(G_OBJECT(context),"window",window);
  int width = gdk_window_get_width(window);
  int height = gdk_window_get_height(window);
  if(width != 0 && height !=0) {
    gtk_im_context_focus_in(context);
    local_context = context;
  }
  gdk_window_add_filter (window, event_filter, context); 
}
  1. 由此以下命令安装C\C++编译环境和gtk libgtk2.0-dev。

    sudo apt-get install build-essential libgtk2.0-dev

3.
执以下命令编译共享库。执行该令时用以sublime-imfix.c文件所在的目。

gcc -shared -o libsublime-imfix.so sublime-imfix.c `pkg-config --libs --cflags gtk+-2.0` -fPIC
  1. 拿编译好之库移到Sublime Text的装置目录。如果你是经Sublime
    Text官网一直生载.deb文件并安装的,在自我机器及之默认位置是/opt/sublime_text

    mv libsublime-imfix.so /opt/sublime_text

瞩目执行上述命令时索要以sublime-imfix.c文件所在的目录。

  1. 由此下面的通令启动Sublime Text编辑器,看看是不是可以输入中文啦?

    LD_PRELOAD=./libsublime-imfix.so ./sublime_text

  2. 而自不思每次都以终端通过输入指令来开辟Sublime
    Text编辑器,切换至/usr/share/applications目录,编辑sublime_text.desktop文件之情如下。

    cd /usr/share/applications/

    [Desktop Entry]
    Version=1.0
    Type=Application
    Name=Sublime Text
    GenericName=Text Editor
    Comment=Sophisticated text editor for code, markup and prose
    #Exec=/opt/sublime_text/sublime_text %F
    Exec=bash -c “LD_PRELOAD=/opt/sublime_text/libsublime-imfix.so /opt/sublime_text/sublime_text”
    Terminal=false
    MimeType=text/plain;
    Icon=sublime-text
    Categories=TextEditor;Development;
    StartupNotify=true
    Actions=Window;Document;

    [Desktop Action Window]
    Name=New Window
    Exec=/opt/sublime_text/sublime_text -n
    OnlyShowIn=Unity;

    [Desktop Action Document]
    Name=New File
    Exec=/opt/sublime_text/sublime_text –command new_file
    OnlyShowIn=Unity;

顾看上面高亮的有些,将第5步着的起步命令替换进去,注意相对路径的职位。

  1. 然后便没然后了。在dash或启动栏中一直点击Sublime
    Text的图标,在打开的窗口被新修一个文件,切换输入法输入中文吧!